Deadlines Submit your papers by the deadlines stated in the syllabus. You have got three grace days for all papers except the paper that is final for which there are not any free extensions. By the day before the deadline if you have a problem before the final paper, be sure to talk to me.
- Mechanics are very important. They are the tools that are basic result in the paper possible.
- a) Descriptive Title. As easy as this really is, some people forget.
- b) Introductory Paragraph or Thesis. A thesis paragraph states what you are actually setting off to show in your paper and exactly how you shall do this. An introductory paragraph provides your reader with a clear understanding of what the paper is mostly about. Generally speaking it really is a good idea to steer clear of the overuse associated with first person voice, because this can interrupt the flow of one’s prose. Below are a few examples to think about:
Effective introductory paragraph that will not use “I”: In Dakota-A Spiritual Geography, Kathleen Norris writes about her life in the Western plains regarding the United States. She describes it as a kind of monastic world for which she’s got been able to come in touch with her spiritual roots through the lives of those there, the land, therefore the solitude of her very own life that is inner. She will not falsely idealize life from the plains as some sort of paradise out of the urban jungle. In reality, she is critical regarding the insularity and pettiness for the towns that are small which she lives and works. In place of detracting through the sense that is positive of life there, however, her critical perspectives make her work more real and lead your reader to want to get to learn her while the plains better. Effective introductory paragraph that uses “I”: In reading Dakota-A Spiritual Geography, I was struck by the beauty of Kathleen Norris’ prose along with her capability to convey the subtleties and complexities of her life there, of men and women, place, and time, the relation between work, art, and also the spiritual life. In the beginning, she is read by me act as the account of a woman and a culture vastly distinct from my very own. As I continued to read through, however, I became aware that, in some ways, her world mirrored mine. While speaking away from a distinct geographical and cultural landscape, Norris can make us recognize popular features of our personal lives of which we possibly may not need been previously aware. Weak introductory paragraph that uses “I”: In this paper, i shall come up with Kathleen Norris’s book Dakota-A Spiritual Geography. I will discuss her views from the relation involving the Dakotas as a geographical location and a spiritual place. I shall show that there surely is a connection between the two. I will use ideas from her act as well as Carol Christ’s ideas about nature. I shall also show that, while useful in several ways, Christ’s ideas are insufficient for understanding Norris’ complete view of life in the Dakotas.
- c) Conclusion. The final outcome brings the ideas of your paper back in succinct focus. This could involve some summarizing but should also refocus ideas by reformulating several of your thesis/introductory ideas in a way not possible with out browse the body of one’s paper. May very well not answer all relevant questions which you raised or resolve all issues outlined in your introduction. One way to conclude your paper would be to raise questions that are further showing your understanding of their existence and possibilities for further inquiry. Sometimes, the greatest questions give even rise to more questions.
- d) Documentation. Once you make generalizations or assertions, document your claims with references, either from the readings or the lectures. Then i will not know where your ideas came from if you make a statement that seems controversial and you don’t cite a reference. You simply can’t be too careful on this point.
- e) Format for References. For the final paper, I am going to ask that you all use footnotes or endnotes following the format given in the syllabus as well as the writing sample. Please note the usage commas and parentheses. For shorter papers, you might use notes that are parenthetical. (You should follow one of many formats that are standard parenthetical use.)
- f) Page numbers. In case the pages come loose, I shall manage to read your paper.
- g) Use block quotations for citations four lines or longer. When using block quotations, do not use quotation marks at the beginning and end for the block. Utilize the margin command as opposed to the tab command to generate block quotations. This can make it a lot easier for you.
- h) Subheadings. They are not necessary, however you may think it is beneficial to insert subheadings as you go along. You can be helped by them to prepare your paper as well as to allow the reader understand that new topics are now being addressed.
- a) Look at your spelling. There should be errors that are few this regard.
- b) Run-on and incomplete sentences. Avoid sentences which are a long time. Check to make certain that you don’t have incomplete sentences.
- c) Punctuation. Punctuation should follow standard guidelines. There is often confusion about commas. There are a few rules that are simple could keep you away from trouble. I have summarized them here. Otherwise, consult a writing manual or ask the instructor. “The Elementary Rules of Usage” from William Strunk’s the sun and rain of Style covers most cases of comma usage including the ones that apply to independent and clauses that are dependent.
- d) Tenses. Be consistent in your use of past and tense that is present. If you are writing a thought paper (ideas, philosophy), it is accepted practice to place everything in today’s tense. For example, you might write my essay for me write, “The Buddha says, . . . .” or “The Tibetan master Milarepa behaves in unconventional ways.” If you are writing an investigation paper dealing with historical issues, you ought to put scholarly assertions in the present tense (“I think,” “Gregory Schopen states”) and historical facts into the past (“Shakyamuni delivered a sermon,” “Devadatta turned traitor”). In every full case, be consistent.
There are some matters that are stylistic note.
- a) Use natural English. There is no need to fill your paper with technical vocabulary or difficult terms. When you do use them, they will have a greater effect once you write in most cases in clear, straightforward English.
- b) stay away from conjunctions that are too many qualifiers, such as “however,” “then,” and “given that.” Usually, the reader will understand how one sentence pertains to the next without having the usage of these terms, additionally the resulting paper will be better to read. Use your own good judgement as to when they are necessary. As a rule of thumb, use sparingly.
- c) Gendered pronouns. It is now widely considered that the use that is exclusive of pronouns to mention to both sexes is unacceptable. You can find a number of strategies which can be used to negotiate this matter. You might use i) male and female pronouns alternately, ii) neutral pronouns such as “one” and “they”; however, avoid mixing those two pronouns in the sentence that is same iii) both (When an individual finds him or herself in this example . . .), or iv) “s/he”. You will find, however, possible exceptions. When you yourself have any questions regarding this, please see me.
Avoid using “one” and “they” as pronouns when it comes to referent that is sameThis confusion arises because of the use of “they” as opposed to “his” or “her.”) Be careful when you use humans or human beings to replace “men.” “Human beings” can be more appropriate than “humans,” and often “people” is a better choice.
- a) ” distinctive from.” “not the same as” is the correct usage, not “different than.”
- b) “Complementary” versus “Complimentary.” Make sure to understand the distinction between those two words. Yin and yang are complementary. Words of praise are complimentary.
- c) “Affect” versus “effect.” One could assess the economic effects of having inventory that is too much but one cannot easily affect nationwide economic trends that could decrease consumer demand.
- d) A “novel” is a work of fiction. Memoirs, journals, biographies, and autobiographies are nonfiction works. Usually do not relate to them as “novels.”